Many folks undergo nose surgery in order to help overcome a deviated septum. The septum is a structure located between the nostrils that separate the nasal airways. Made from both bone as well as cartilage, its task is to direct airflow as well as support the nose.
An individual that has a deviated nasal septum has cartilage or bone in his or her nose that is not straight. Because of the crooked septum, the affected individual may have trouble breathing. On top of that, some folks may also have problems with snoring and sleep apnea.
What Causes a Deviated Septum
A septum can become deviated because of a birth defect or because of an injury, such as when the nose is broken. The septum may also become deviated during the aging process, causing it to bend to one side or another. The truth is the majority of people have a somewhat crooked septum, but it does not cause a problem since the bend is so slight. Nose surgery to correct the problem is only needed when the deviated septum creates breathing difficulties or excessive as well as problematic snoring.
Problems Connected to a Deviated Septum
Some people with a deviated septum do not encounter issues. Others have problems breathing, especially on one-side or experience regular runny noses. Sleep apnea is another typical event for those who have a deviated septum. Sleep apnea is a disorder causing a person to stop breathing or to have slowed breathing during sleep that lasts for ten seconds or more. Sleep apnea may be mild, moderate, or severe. The severity of the disorder depends on the number of times the person’s breathing stops or slows through the night.
There are three types of sleep apnea. The sort associated with a deviated septum is referred to as obstructive sleep apnea, or OSA. The sort of apnea results from a blocked airflow during sleep like the narrowed passageway as a result of the deviated septum.
Treatment for a Deviated Septum
Nose surgery performed for correcting a deviated septum is named septoplasty. It is also sometimes referred to as septal reconstruction or submucous resection. The procedure is sometimes performed along with additional surgical procedures intended to help deal with chronic sinusitis, bleeding, swelling, or sleep apnea. It might also be done in order to enable the surgeon to gain access in order to remove nasal polyps.
Prior to the operation taking place, the physician will use an endoscope to look into the nasal passage. This tiny medical instrument contains a light source and makes it possible to view behind the deviated septum. The endoscope is also occasionally used during the actual surgical procedure.
To be able to undergo the surgery, the patient might be given either a localised or a general anesthesia.
The actual surgery generally takes only sixty to ninety minutes and is often performed on an outpatient basis at a surgical treatment center.
To be able to repair the septum, the surgeon works through the nostrils. He makes an incision in order to separate the mucosa, which is an outer layer of soft tissue coating the nasal airways and the septum, from the bone and cartilage. The surgeon then straightens the bent cartilage and replaces the mucosa.
Risks of Deviated Septum Surgery
As with all surgeries, there are risks associated with surgery on the septum.
Besides common risks, like those encountered by patients with diabetes and heart problems, patients may also have an adverse response to the anesthesia used during surgery.
In some cases, a smallish perforation forms in the septum because of the operation, as well. This hole is rarely problematic and normally does not involve treatment.
In some instances, however, additional surgery might be necessary to fix the hole. This is especially true if it causes problems to the individual or if an infection occurs.
Deviated Septum Surgery Recovery
As soon as surgery is finished, the patient might have to use a nasal splint or have a pack on the inside his or her nose for a period.
The splint is designed to keep the septum straight as it heals.
The packing additionally helps with this, in addition to helping to prevent any bleeding. The packing may need to remain in place for around three days.
Both the splint along with the pack have got tubes positioned in them to enable the patient to breathe.
Generally, patients are instructed to refrain from blowing their noses following the procedure and to sneeze with their mouths open to help minimize pressure as the nose heals.