Insomnia Sleep Disorder – Insomnia Symptoms

Insomnia sleep disorder is where a person has a difficult time going to sleep, which may lead to that individual not sleeping for days on end. It is a relatively common disorder that can affect people of all ages for varying amounts of time. Usually its effects last for only a few nights, but it is possible for the symptoms to continue for months and even years.

Insomnia sleep disorder can be caused by several factors, including psychiatric problems, continual stress, use of drugs or alcohol, a lack of exercise, excessive noise or light, and certain physical illnesses.

If your sleep has been disturbed for more than a few weeks and interferes with your ability to function normally during the day, consult your doctor or make an appointment at a reputable sleep disorder clinic to get some treatment.

Common Sleep Problems (Sleep Apnea and Insomnia) with Dr. John Cronin | Ask The Expert

Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnoea is a medical condition that can result in death if not properly treated. The disorder involves the repeated collapse of the windpipe, which causes a sleeper to awaken slightly due to shortness of breath. People who suffer from sleep apnea often experience daytime drowsiness, poor performance at work and depression. One of the most common and most frightening effects is that you literally stop breathing when this happens.

Experts say that sleep apnoea occurs when muscles in a person’s throat relax excessively during sleep. Once diagnosed, treatment can help prevent or reverse the symptoms. These treatments can include sleep position training, weight loss, exercise, quitting smoking, avoiding alcohol, using special oral or nasal appliances, or surgery. Sleep apnea is one of the most dangerous and potentially deadly sleep disorders and should be treated as soon as possible.


Narcolepsy is a rare type of sleeping disorder that can have a devastating impact on a person’s life. There is no known cure for it, but proper treatment can help victims lead normal lives.

The symptoms of narcolepsy can appear suddenly or slowly. The most common indication is excessive daytime sleepiness, and the constant feeling of exhaustion that can in turn cause the sufferer to fall asleep anywhere and at any time and without notice.

Cataplexy, another condition associated with narcolepsy, is characterized by a rapid loss of muscle control, often leading to sudden collapse.

Another symptom of narcolepsy is sleep paralysis, a condition defined by an inability to move or speak despite complete consciousness. A third symptom of narcolepsy involves hypnologic hallucinations, strange dreamlike episodes that are characterized by a lack of physical control and a nightmarish sensation that a prowler or strange animal is present. These “waking dreams” are especially disturbing because they are often mistaken for mental illness.

RLS- Restless Leg Syndrome

People experience restless legs syndrome in many ways, but it is almost always described as an uncomfortable sensation in the legs when sitting or lying still. The pain is usually felt in the calves and sometimes can be temporarily relieved by stretching. The constant need to stretch, however, often leaves the sufferer unable to fall asleep.

A similar disorder known as Periodic Limb Movement Disorder can also be just as problematic. PLMD is caused by involuntary movements of the legs and arms. These movements tend to occur when asleep, with many sufferers being totally unaware of the movements. Episodes can occur at regular intervals, usually every 30 seconds or so during the initial phases of sleep. Although rare, those who suffer from PLMD can be awakened by their involuntary movements, leading to a sensation of excessive drowsiness during waking hours.

Before treating RLS, it is important to determine whether underlying causes, such as anaemia, diabetes, arthritis, or lung disease, are responsible for the onset of symptoms. Many of those suffering restless leg syndromes have found relief with hot baths or leg massages. Those suffering periodic limb movement disorder usually sleep right through their symptoms and require little or no treatment

Heartburn – Acid Reflux

GERD or gastro-oesophageal reflux, otherwise known as heartburn, is characterized by burning chest pain. Another typical symptom is a sensation of food coming back into the mouth with a bitter, acidic taste. This disorder can also be accompanied by asthmatic breathing, coughing and hoarseness. Occasionally, gastro-oesophageal reflux can mimic the symptoms of a heart attack, and is often mistaken for one, hence the reason for the common heartburn name. This disorder is caused by acid “backing up” into the esophagus during sleep, a condition that can be treated with either medication or natural remedies.